Yes, kids have strokes.
Stroke is more common than brain tumours and it is among the top ten causes of death in children. Contrary to traditional views, children don't necessarily recover better than adults, with over half having long term disabilities that interfere with normal development and lifestyle. It has significant personal, familial, economic and social consequences. The lifelong cost of childhood stroke is likely to be much higher than adults due to the many years of living with a disability.
RCH/MCRI is involved in the following studies / research projects:
• International Paediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) which covers 84 centres in 22 countries. RCH/MCRI is one of the leading contributors to the IPSS which gathers data on risk factors, causes, treatments and outcomes following childhood stroke.
• Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR) is a collaborative national database which monitors, promotes and improves the quality of acute stroke care in adults and children.
• Vascular Effects of Infection in Paediatric Stroke (VIPS) is a research study looking at an international group of over 500 children, both with stroke and without, to provide the best evidence yet of whether common childhood infections can lead to stroke and identify changes in the blood and blood vessels that these bacteria and viruses might be causing.
• Seizures in Infants and Children with Ischaemic Stroke (SIPS) focuses on the relationship between strokes & seizures in infants and children and how seizures affect developmental outcomes.
• Thrombolysis in Paediatric Stroke (TIPS) - pending ethics approval - aims to determine the maximal safe dose of IV tPA in children aged both 2-10 years and 11-17 years and measure the neurological outcome.
• Paed Speed - aims at developing strategies to shorten the time to diagnoses of paediatric stroke and brain haemorrhage.
• Vaso-occlusive stroke in children with cardiac disease - aims to provide important insight into the nature, timing and outcome of stroke in children with heart disease.
• Diffusion tensor and fMRI to perinatal stroke - aims to explore the relationship between lesion characteristics and motor outcome in children with perinatal (neonatal) stroke.
• Characterizing brain behaviour relationships in childhood stroke using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
• Communication and swallowing problems following childhood stroke - providing the world's largest study to date on the prevalence and features of speech, language and swallowing disorder following childhood stroke.
• High level mobility in children and adolescents with brain injury - aims to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the HiMat in children with CP strokes and compare with the performance of typically developing children.